Sadhana is a sanskrit word that is often translated as ‘spiritual practice’ and usually references when we move toward self-knowledge, awareness or liberation from suffering. Sadhana is also considered to be a state where exertion has led to an intended spiritual goal - it can involve meditation, chanting, prayer and yoga.
There is an analogy that is often used to describe a spiritual practice to the peeling of an onion. It is often used to describe the different layers of meaning and experience (i.e you peel and peel layers of the onion (your experience) until nothing but consciousness remains.
Spiritual goals can include; living a balanced life, practicing kindness, gratitude or forgiveness, becoming a better listener, practicing mindfulness and meditation or serving those in need.
Laying out a plan for a spiritual practice requires forming a goal, sadhana (practice) and upaya (accomplishment). The goal can be to practice yoga for 10 minutes a day, or to meditate for 5 minutes a day. These practices can help improve sense of self and offer happiness, satisfaction and potentially fulfil our inner purpose.